The Margherita di Savoia Nature Reserve with its salt pans extends between Zapponeta, Trinitapoli and Margherita di Savoia for an area of 3871 hectares and has been protected, since 1977, with the name Nature Reserve of Animal Population of the Salina di Margherita di Savoia. The Nature Reserve of Margherita di Savoia, already housed human settlements since the Neolithic age and still today by visiting the wetland it is possible to observe numerous archaeological and historical remains.
In this territory, Frederick II of Swabia went to observe nature and spent his days hunting and still today, visiting the wetland, you can admire many birds described in his treatise on falconry.
Spending a day visiting the Margherita di Savoia Nature Reserve is a panacea for the body and the spirit. Enjoying the enchanting landscape that nature offers us sheltered from pollution, calms and regenerates.
The conservation of the wetland was also possible thanks to the settlement of the Salina which, ecologically similar to a lagoon, is a true paradise for birds, also thanks to its location along the migration route and the variety of environments it offers (embankments muddy fields, glasswort meadows, tanks with different salinities and depths), becomes the suitable habitat for the presence of about one hundred different species of birds between sedentary and wintering and annually reaches a population of about forty thousand specimens.
The Pink Flamingo is the most representative species of the Margherita di Savoia Nature Reserve. It stands out in the lagoon both for its size and for the beautiful pink color due to the small microorganisms it feeds on.
There are also numerous presences of the Little Egret, which among the herons is the species that is most easily recognized, but it is also easy to see the Redshank, so called for its noisy behavior, or the Italian Knight who arrives at the first heat.
In some points of the salt pan, the water is covered with a more or less intense red color, this is due to the presence of microscopic animals that become clearly visible in these salt concentrations.
Visits to the wetland and the Margherita di Savoia salt pan are available every day from sunrise to sunset, upon reservation. You will need to have your own vehicle and it includes a route that varies from 10 to 20 kilometers and from 2 to 5 hours.